According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2). 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (42.37%) is water.
Bal Harbour, Florida is located on the northern tip of the barrier island commonly referred to as Miami Beach; it is the northernmost barrier island in a chain that extends southward up to and including Key West, Florida.
The main traffic corridor running south to north through Bal Harbour is Collins Avenue, also demarked as Florida State Highway A1A.
A channel between the north end of Biscayne Bay and the Atlantic Ocean runs across the northern end of Bal Harbour.
A bridge, maintained by the State of Florida connects Bal Harbour to Haulover Park, to the north. Haulover Park is maintained by the Miami Dade Parks Commission.
Miami-Dade County Public Schools is the local school district.
Ruth K. Broad/Bay Harbor K–8 Center in Bay Harbor Islands serves as the local elementary and K–8 school. Residents who want to have a conventional middle school may instead choose the zoned middle school, Miami Beach Nautilus Middle School. Miami Beach Senior High School is the senior high school serving Surfside.